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Vanilla is a spice derived from orchids of the genus vanilla, on the whole acquired from pods of the mexican species, flat-leaved vanilla (v. Planifolia). The word vanilla, derived from vainilla, the diminutive of the spanish word vaina (vaina itself that means a sheath or a pod), is translated simply as "little pod". Pre-columbian mesoamerican people cultivated the vine of the vanilla orchid, known as tlilxochitl by means of the aztecs. Pollination is needed to make the flora produce the fruit from which the vanilla spice is received. In 1837, belgian botanist charles francois antoine morren observed this fact and pioneered a way of artificially pollinating the plant.
The technique proved financially unworkable and turned into no longer deployed commercially. In 1841, edmond albius, a slave who lived on the french island of reunion within the indian ocean, determined at the age of 12 that the plant could be hand-pollinated. Hand-pollination allowed worldwide cultivation of the plant. Three main species of vanilla presently are grown globally, all of which derive from a species at the start determined in mesoamerica, including parts of current-day mexico. They are v. Planifolia (syn. V. Fragrans), grown on madagascar, reunion, and other tropical areas alongside the indian ocean; v. Tahitensis, grown within the south pacific; and v. Pompona, determined in the west indies, primary the us, and south the us. The general public of the arena's vanilla is the v. Planifolia species, greater commonly called bourbon vanilla (after the previous call of reunion, Ile bourbon) or madagascar vanilla, that is produced in madagascar and neighboring islands inside the southwestern indian ocean, and in indonesia. Madagascar's and indonesia's cultivations produce two-thirds of the world's supply of vanilla. Vanilla is the second one-most highly-priced spice after saffron because growing the vanilla seed pods is labor-in depth. However, vanilla is broadly used in both commercial and home baking, perfume manufacture, and aromatherapy.
Image Name: Vanilla Bean
Image category: Vanilla | Download Vanilla Zip
Parent category: Food
Format: PNG image with alpha (transparent)
License: Creative Commons (CC BY-NC 4.0)
Author: Lydia Simmons
Date Added: 02-12-2017
PNG Downloads: 394
ICON Downloads: 148
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